Perception on Drought Adaptations - The Case of Northern Barind of Bangladesh

Md. Shafiqul Islam

Abstract


Drought adaptation study was conducted in the northern Barind Tracts to bring out farmer’s perception on drought adaptation. Several data collection tools including 295 households’ interviews were carried out using semistructured questionnaire from six villages from three districts. Drought is the common attributes in the study area. One extreme and four severe droughts were identified using 3-month Standardized Precipitation Index during April–June. Respondents mentioned that drought is frequently increased due to climate change. They noticed that local droughts occur regularly and affect crop production, livelihoods, health, and society. Farmers changed their cropping times either before the beginning of the cultivation or later to reduce drought impacts. A maximum number of respondents changed cropping time 11–15 days before actual cultivation time as a drought adaptation measure. It was mentioned that the farmers of the study areas took few measures to reduce harmful effects of drought on agriculture and livelihoods. The measures included a selection of suitable crops for cultivation during and after drought, plow the land before drought using compost manure to improve physical properties of soil, and digging pond to create water reservoir for irrigation. They recovered drought loss by taking loan from NGOs, cattle rearing, taking loan from others, and selling own properties. The highest percentage of respondents mentioned that wheat grows well in the drought-prone areas followed by mustard, corn, lentil, potato, linseed, masakalai, paddy, and sugarcane. Farmers also reported that organic fertilizer prevents soil aridity, and hence, it increases soil moisture content. Farmers those have diverse livelihood opportunities can manage better livelihood during drought. They received support including seeds, fertilizers (from government), and loan and relief from NGOs to mitigate drought impacts.

Aus. & NewZe J. Soci Busi. Env. Sus. Vol 5(2), October 2019, P 83-91

 


Keywords


Adaptation; Climate Change; Extreme Drought; Severe Drought; Standardized Precipitation Index

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